The below photo shows Amos on piano with the Paul Williams Orchestra in the late 40's. Williams is in the center on baritone sax. The same band can be seen playing with Amos in this great late-40's video :
Composed by Paul Williams
Paul Williams:Alto Sax
Walter Cox:Tenor Sax
Recorded in Detroit, MI. Friday, September 5, 1947
Originally issued on the 1947 single (Savoy 659) (78 RPM)
This recording taken from the 1999 CD "Paul Williams:The Complete Recordings Vol. 1 1947-1949" (Spain)
Paul "Hucklebuck" Williams (July 13, 1915 – September 14, 2002) was an African American jazz and blues saxophonist, bandleader and songwriter. His record, "The Huckle-Buck", recorded in December 1948, was one of the most successful R&B records of the time. In his Honkers and Shouters, Arnold Shaw credits Williams as one of the first to employ the honking tenor sax solo that became the hallmark of rhythm and blues and rock and roll in the 1950s and early 1960s.
Williams was born in Lewisburg, Tennessee, and grew up in Bowling Green, Kentucky, before moving with his parents to Detroit at the age of 13. He started learning saxophone and played in school bands before forming his own band, Paul Williams and his Kings of Rhythm, with trumpeter Lloyd Henderson, in the mid-1930s, and playing in local clubs. The band split up during World War II, and Williams then joined Clarence Dorsey's band. He toured with the band, then known as the Sensational Six, until 1945 when he left to join another local band, led by King Porter (born James A. Pope, 1916–1983).
Williams became known for his showmanship in Porter's band, and made his first recordings with Porter for the Paradise label in 1947. He attracted the attention of agent and record producer Teddy Reig, and, under Reig's tutelage, formed his own band. Credited as the Paul Williams Sextette, they recorded in Detroit for Savoy Records in September 1947, and "Thirty-Five Thirty" (named for Joe Von Battle's record shop at 3530 Hastings Street) reached #8 on the Billboard R&B chart (then called the "race records" chart) in early 1948. Wiliams followed up its success with three further chart hits released in 1948 – "The Twister" (which according to Joel Whitburn "had a 'rockin' beat" and "laid the foundation for Hank Ballard's 'The Twist'"); "Waxie Maxie"; and "Walkin' Around" – all featuring the honking tenor sax of Wild Bill Moore.
Williams and his band toured nationally, and his concerts became increasingly popular and riotous. Reig claimed that he taught Williams to perform vigorously, "kicking as he played, bending and dipping, getting down on the floor while blowing that saxophone." At a rehearsal for a concert, either in Newark or Baltimore, he heard Lucky Millinder and his band playing a tune, originally known as "D'Natural Blues", that had been written for Millinder by Andy Gibson. The composition was strongly influenced by "Now's the Time", recorded by Charlie Parker for Savoy Records at a 1945 session produced by Reig. Williams began performing Gibson's composition, and at a show in Devon, Pennsylvania, noticed that audience members were performing a new dance, called the Hucklebuck, to it. Williams renamed the tune "The Huckle-Buck", and his recording, made in Detroit in December 1948 with Reig producing, rapidly rose to the top of the R&B chart. It reached the #1 spot in March 1949, staying in that position for 14 weeks, and spending a total of 32 weeks on the chart. It reportedly sold half a million copies, and broke sales records.
"The Huckle-Buck" established Williams' popularity, and he was billed as Paul "Hucklebuck" Williams for the remainder of his career. He had three further R&B chart successes in 1949 – "House Rocker", "He Knows How to Hucklebuck", and "Pop-Corn" – but these failed to match the earlier record's success. However, his band continued to be popular, and played on many of Amos Milburn's recordings. With Tiny Grimes, Williams co-headlined the first Moondog Coronation Ball, promoted by Alan Freed in Cleveland on March 21, 1952, often claimed as the first rock and roll concert, and was the only act to perform before the show was abandoned because of the size of the crowd. He also played on many of the nationwide concert tours organised by Freed.
Williams left Savoy Records in 1952, and recorded for several labels thereafter. Band members during the 1950s included Moore, Noble "Thin Man" Watts, trumpeter Phil Guilbeau, and singers Danny Cobb, Jumpin' Jimmy Brown, Joan Shaw and Connie Allen. He worked in the Atlantic Records house band, backing singers including Ruth Brown, and performed with musicians including Elmore James and Dave "Baby" Cortez. He was musical director for Lloyd Price and James Brown in the early 1960s, and performed with Otis Redding and Tommy Tucker. He worked as a session musician in New York City before setting up a booking agency in 1968. In 1986, he appeared at a Smithsonian symposium on rhythm and blues music at the National Museum of American History, and received the Rhythm and Blues Foundation Pioneer Award in 1992.
Williams died in September 2002, in New York, at the age of 87.